Cataract occurs when the natural crystalline lens of the eye hardens and becomes cloudy. This cloudiness of the crystalline lens prohibits and distorts light waves from reaching the back of the eye, causing images to focus poorly and blur your vision.

As the crystalline lens alters its transparency, blurred vision, sensitivity to light, night halos and glare problems eventually develop.

Ignored, cataracts may lead to total loss of vision or blindness. The only known cure for a cataract is to have it removed by way of a surgical procedure. Studies show that typical age-related cataracts in Melbourne, Florida usually occur in people 70 years old and above. Age is just one of the factors that can lead to cataract formation; other medical problems can cause cataracts to form rapidly, including diabetes.

It is said that diabetes aids in the development of cataracts due to the fluctuation and instability of the chemicals and proteins in the body related to inconsistent blood sugar levels.

Eye trauma is also one of the main factors in developing cataracts. A direct blow to the eye socket, lens of the eye, or the eye as a whole can lead to traumatic cataract. That said, some of these types of cataracts might take years before the symptoms become noticeable.

Improper or prolonged use of certain medications like steroids can result to the development of cataracts. Medications like the ones used in treating breast cancer, gout, and medications for treating irregular heartbeat can also contribute to cataract formation.

Smoking has also been linked to the development of cataract. Chemicals found within the inhaled smoke can result to the break down of the natural proteins in the eye.

Prolonged exposure to radiation in cancer therapy or even from sunlight can lead to the development of cataracts.

Cataract surgery in Melbourne, Florida is an elective procedure. Pinnacle Eye Center is able to provide the highest level of care for our patients through its state of the art diagnostic imaging, advanced surgical techniques, and cutting edge surgical equipment.

Once an individual who has visual significant cataract chooses to undergo surgery, they will be evaluated by an eye specialist for pre-operative imaging and testing to obtain the measurements of your eye to aid in choosing the optimal lens for your procedure.

The actual procedure uses an ultrasound probe to help remove your cataract. This is called “phacoemulsification”. The ultrasound probe softens and breaks the hardened cataract into small pieces which is then suctioned out. An artificial lens or  “intraocular lens (IOL)” is then placed in the exact spot where natural lens was.

Femtosecond Lasers now can be used to assist in some of the steps of cataract surgery. They can create incisions in the cornea to allow access to the inside of the eye, they can make corneal incisions to treat astigmatism, and also can soften the lens and create and opening in the capsular bag.

Large studies have shown no difference in outcomes or complications between femtosecond laser-assisted and manual cataract surgery, but the technology is evolving to expand its utility.